Banias shoots own foot on nylon shell issue

The more Provincial Administrator Raul Banias talks about how he is trying to enforce the law by directing the arrest of nylon shell gatherers in his hometown of Concepcion, Iloilo, the deeper the grave he is digging becomes. It doesn’t help that he has a plagiarist as back-up singer on stage. Their sound is becoming more and more like a voice from the grave.

In as many times that Banias spoke on the issue over Bombo Radyo Iloilo, so too has the number of times his reasons for stopping the nylon shell harvesting have changed. One is tempted to ask him point-blank: “Ano guid bala ang tuod, Doctor Banias?” That’s because each time he is interviewed, even the ordinary subsistence fisherman in Concepcion could glean his blatant lies. He can’t even stick to just one ground to justify his position.

This morning, Banias tried once again to repair his damaged image and, as expected, he stumbled with his distorted logic. It didn’t help that he was confronted with information that two other LGUs — Carles and Ajuy — already have existing ordinances regulating the use of compressors for shell fishing.

And the Provincial Legal Office last week came out with a new opinion, saying there can be no stopping the use of compressors in Concepcion and anywhere else. Maybe aware of this, Banias tried to justify the latest apprehensions by saying these fishermen transgressed the defined marine sanctuaries of the municipality.

Banias apparently anchors his position on the old ordinance designating the municipal waters of Concepcion as marine sanctuary where any form of fishing is prohibited. He refuses to accept the fact that the new Sangguniang Bayan had enacted a new ordinance redefining the metes and bounds of the marine sanctuaries and the areas where nylon shell harvesting is allowed. Of course, he avoids explaining why, despite the existence of that ordinance, nylon shell gathering took place during the last four years.

It’s not only in Carles and Ajuy where the use of compressors is allowed. Other coastal LGUs in Negros Occidental across the strait have also adopted similar regulations to enable their people to harvest this high-valued shell which appears to be endemic to the Visayas Sea marine environment. God has endowed these LGUs with a good resource, and it is a duty of the local government to make it accessible to hardworking fishermen.

By this time, of course, the real motive of Banias is crystal clear. He made millions from the seas of Concepcion, first as vice mayor, and then as municipal mayor, and Presidential Assistant. When Iloilo Governor Arthur Defensor made him head of the Bantay Dagat, it was like, to use a phrase from Atty. Pet Melliza, giving the key to the blood bank to Dracula. He had the power to monopolize the fish and shell business, and this ordinance was a stumbling block to his greedy agenda.

All these years, Banias wasn’t really a true public servant. He made a killing out of public service. Concepcion remains a poor municipality where poverty incidence is high. Mayor Milliard Villanueva wants to turn things around by giving poor fishermen a share of the municipality’s wealth. It might not be enough to make them as rich as Banias, but at least it will give them a better quallity of life.

BM Flores twits PA Banias on nylon shell ordinance row

The Sangguniang Panlalawigan should not be misled into believing that it has the power to nullify a municipal ordinance on the basis of a complaint filed by a barangay-based group in Concepcion, Iloilo as its power is limited to determining whether or not its enactment was within the powers of the legislative body, Iloilo board member Gerardo Flores said Wednesday, March 16.

In a privilege speech before the regular session of the provincial board, Flores also chided Iloilo Provincial Administrator Raul Banias for dipping his fingers into the affairs of Concepcion, Iloilo as his actions smack of a “conflict of interest” because he has a fish trading business based in that LGU.

“Let us not coat our hidden intentions with intricate but wrong interpretation and application of the law and think that people below and above us will just always be ignorant enough to abide without question,” Flores said.

Citing annotations made by Senator Miriam Defensor-Santiago in the book, “Local Government Annotated”, Flores pointed out that the only ground by which a municipal ordinance may be stricken down by the provincial board as invalid is that the Sangguniang Bayan (municipal council) acted beyond the powers granted to it by law.

“Absolutely no other ground is recognized by the law,” Flores said, citing Senator Santiago. “If the provincial board passes these limits, it usurps the legislative function of the municipal council,” he added, quoting the Senator.

Flores made these declarations in the wake of the directives made by Banias, who was a three-term municipal mayor of Concepcion, Iloilo, for the Provincial Bantay Dagat to apprehend nylon shell divers who were issued permits for the harvesting of the marine product.

Banias insisted that a new ordinance enacted by the Concepcion SB on January 31, 2011 is not yet effective pending its review by the Sangguniang Panlalawigan. He threatened to order the arrest of nylon shell divers who, in his words, will defy an old ordinance which he claimed banned all fishing activities in the municipal waters.

Concepcion municipal mayor Milliard Villanueva questioned the actions of Banias, saying there is nothing illegal about the harvesting of nylon shells as it was being done pursuant to Municipal Ordinance No. 2011-03. The ordinance imposes strict regulations on the manner and volume of the nylon shells to be harvested after paying the corresponding permit fees, he said.

“The municipal ordinance is well within our prerogatives to determine how to manage our coastal resources, and it is now in full force and effect after the 10-day publication period,” Villanueva said. He added that a municipal ordinance is deemed valid and effective even while it undergoes review by the Sangguniang Panlalawigan.

In his privilege speech, Flores also accused Banias of unethical and improper behaviour in disclosing a report linking four members of the Philippine National Police (PNP) to illegal fishing activities. “It puzzled me that Dr. Banias did not observe proper protocol by releasing information derogatory to a subordinate organization,” Flores said.

Flores revealed that even Police Senior Supt. Gil Lebin, Iloilo Provincial Police Office (IPPO) director, was surprised when he heard about the Banias allegation about the involvement of the four policemen in illegal fishing.

“The fact that Dr. Banias pre-empted the PNP was an indication that he wanted to do things singlehandedly even though enforcement is more the concern of the municipal government and the police,” he said. “It is never good to put yourself up by putting other people down,” he added.

Flores warned his colleagues in the provincial board not to “show even an iota of willingness to be influenced by him (Banias), lest we flush ourselves down a deep pitfall.”

He pointed out that the law “does not empower us to make value judgment on legislations and executive issuances — on whether these are good or bad local laws or policies — except the power to determine whether or not they are beyond the powers of the LGU.”

Flores asked Banias to show delicadeza by inhibiting himself from law enforcement on an industry where has clear vested interest and by minimizing doubts on the political nature of his motives and actuations. (30)

Preposterous and stupid

I can forgive Provincial Administrator Raul Banias over his inadequate understanding of the law. He is a medical doctor and the ramifications of the Local Government Code might easily slip his grasp. But as the “little governor” of Iloilo, he should get sound legal advice before dwelling into the minefield of legal discussion. His statements regarding the municipal ordinance enacted by the Sangguniang Bayan of Concepcion, Iloilo regulating the extraction, collection and harvest of nylon shells from its municipal waters have been downright preposterous and stupid.

Banias, in an interview over Bombo Radyo with anchorman Don Dolido, said that the use of air compressors as breathing aid for the divers who harvest nylon shells is hazardous to marine life. According to the feeble mind of Banias, the bubbles generated by the breathing apparatus of divers “scare” the fishes away. Where did he get this kind of reasoning? Only a moron can make this argument. Bubbles of air floating to the surface constitutes the least danger to fishes. If that were so, then the use of aerators should be discouraged in aquariums. Neither should it be used in fishponds then.

But Banias is scratching rock bottom when he tries to ascribe danger to fishes to bubbles of air. The illegal forms and methods of fishing are defined under Republic Act No. 8550, or the Philippine Fisheries Code. The use of air compressors to supply air for the breathing apparatus of divers is not included in its scope. It is much unlike the destructive methods of fishing such as the “palupad” or the “super hulbot” that Banias had allowed to operate in the municipal waters of Concepcion when he was municipal mayor. Well, that position might be understandable, because illegal fishing operators were his biggest suppliers of fish and marine products to shipment to Manila.

The plagiarist and hacker, Nereo Lujan, came to Banias’s defense in a column published on Monday, March 14. Reiterating the moronic arguments of his boss, Lujan harped on the supposed opposition filed by a chairman of a barangay fisheries council in Concepcion. In citing provisions of the Local Government Code, Lujan, who was kicked out from the Philippine Daily Inquirer (PDI) 10 years ago on plagiarism issues, deliberately omitted that portion which states that an ordinance is presumed valid and effective if the Sangguniang Panlalawigan fails to act on it with 30 days.

Lujan also declared that the ordinance must be infirm for violating Memorandum Circular No. 129, series of 2002, of the Department of Interior and Local Governments (DILG). Perhaps Lujan, with his penchant of just copying anything that suits him without proper attribution, didn’t bother to read the document in its entirety. The circular “enjoins” LGUs to enact ordinances banning the use of compressors as breathing apparatus in fishing. Well, maybe he doesn’t even understand the word “enjoin”.

What is being overlooked here is the exhaustive technical studies and consultation undertaken by the LGU in crafting this ordinance to regulate nylon shell harvesting. Director Drussila Bayate of the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) confirmed that Mayor Milliard Villanueva requested for her agency’s assistance in doing a study on nylon shells. The BFAR fielded five divers who are experts in fisheries to survey the coastal waters of Concepcion. A report was formally submitted to the LGU which, among others, outlined suggestions on the regulated harvesting of nylon shells.

This only shows that Mayor Villanueva and the Sangguniang Bayan didn’t enact the ordinance without first looking into every aspect of the nylon shell extraction activity. The municipal council mapped the Concepcion Bay, designated the areas where harvesting is permitted, and set strict regulations on the volume and size of the nylon shells to be marketed. Below the sanctioned size, the municipal fish wardens are empowered to confiscate the same and throw them back into the shallow waters.

Question: did the previous administration even consider crafting such an ordinance? Banias admitted commercial scale harvesting has been going on for more than three years. Why didn’t he mutter a protest? Just because the business was controlled by SB member Sandy Boy Salcedo, Banias felt it was okay to do so?

It must also be emphasized that the nylon shell phenomenon was discovered only four years ago, when Banias was still municipal mayor. He claims credit for it, saying it was his campaign to protect the marine resources of the town that helped bring back nylon shells into its waters. The truth is that Banias wasn’t really against illegal fishing. It was then Governor Niel Tupas Sr. who persisted in stopping all forms of destructive methods of fishing in the 5th district.

At one point, Banias detested the presence of the provincial bantay dagat in Concepcion. He even got the Sangguniang Bayan to pass a resolution declaring as “persona non grata” members of the PNP Mobile Group that escorted the provincial bantay dagat. Governor Tupas, on several occasions, warned him about the operations of his friends who used the “palupad” and “hulbot-hulbot” methods of fishing.

It is ironic that Banias is now using the same provincial bantay dagat to harass the municipal fisherfolk of Concepcion, and in the process trampling upon the prerogatives of the LGU to manage its own marine resources. But he should really get good advice on how to proceed on this issue. Slowly, the truth is coming to the surface, and he is being proved wrong. His preposterous and stupid remarks are only dragging him down like a heavy anchor, with his factutom Lujan serving as additional weight.

Usurpation of authority

The actions and statements of Provincial Administrator Raul Banias, M.D., regarding the apprehension of several nylon shell divers for alleged illegal fishing in the town of Concepcion, Iloilo betrays an arrogance aggravated by gross ignorance of the law and usurpation of authority.

Banias, who was municipal mayor of Concepcion for nine years, claims that the permits granted by the municipal government to these nylon shell divers are invalid on the ground that the ordinance upon which the authority was based is pending review in the Sangguniang Panlalawigan of Iloilo.

Banias insists that the ordinance is not yet in full force and effect until such time the provincial board ratifies it or renders it invalid in whole or in part.

This statement has made Banias, who also served as Presidential Assistant (in other words, GMA’s factutom in Western Visayas) the object of ridicule among SB members who had just come from a three-day convention of the Philippine Councilors League (PCL) in Manila yesterday at the Ninoy Aquino International Airport II.

Banias is wrong, wrong and wrong. It makes him look like a stupid fool in the eyes of municipal legislators who know their work better than he does.

First, a municipal ordinance takes effect, as mandated by RA 7160, after a 10-day period of its posting in five conspicuous places in the LGU. The same law directs the SB secretary to transmit the ordinance to the Sangguniang Panlalawigan three (3) days after its approval for review. If, after 30 days, no action is taken by the provincial board, the same is presumed effective, therefore valid.

The ordinance was enacted on Jan. 31, 2011. The posting and submission to the provincial board for review were done as well. The 30-day period had elapsed. So how can Banias say that the ordinance is not yet valid and effective? Actually, the municipal government can already implement an ordinance after the 10-day posting period. If and when the provincial board invalidates it, then such implementation will have to stop.

Second, the municipal sanggunian has the power to amend or even repeal completely any ordinance it had enacted before. Banias claims that this new ordinance violates a previous ordinance designating the Concepcion Bay as fish sanctuaries. He makes it appear that the old ordinance is carved in stone, and could not be changed in whole or in part.

What the new ordinance did was define in terms of latitude and longtitude parts of the Concepcion Bay where nylon shell harvesting was permitted. Unlike in the previous administration, the new ordinance seeks to regulate the manner and volume by which the marine product is harvested. It provides safeguards that there is no indiscriminate harvesting. It also mandates that the municipality exacts fees for the privilege to engage in nylon shell harvesting.

By Banias’s own admission, commercial-scale harvesting of nylon shells has been going on for three years. In other words, when his friend and ally Betsie Salcedo was municipal mayor, nylon shell harvesting was already a lucrative business in the municipality. He could have added that SB member Sandy Boy Salcedo, son of then Mayor Betsie Salcedo, controlled the business, with not a single centavo going into the coffers of the municipality.

At the time, the old ordinance Banias was talking about was already in full force and effect. Why didn’t he make as much as a whispered protest? He didn’t consider it wrong that the son of the mayor was extracting nylon shells. Of course, one can’t expect Banias to confess that it was he who discovered the money in nylon shells and pionered in the business just before the 2007 elections. When Betsie Salcedo took over the LGU, the business went to her son.

The idea to regulate the extraction and harvesting of nylon shells came to the mind of the new municipal mayor, Milliard Villanueva, shortly after he assumed office. He looked at the financial reports of the LGU and saw that a potential revenue earner for the town was being ignored and neglected. Villanueva imposed fees for the extraction and harvesting of the shell. To his surprise, the town generated P330,000 in just six months! For a cash-strapped municipality, that was a lot of money.

But Villanueva didn’t just collect fees from nylon shell harvesting operators. He asked for help from the University of the Philippines in the Visayas (UPV) fisheries college and the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) in conducting surveys on where the nylon shells grew in abundance. These technical experts also advised the municipal government on the proper harvesting of the shell to prevent over-extraction. The input from UPV and BFAR became the basis for the new municipal ordinance which likewise defines the metes and bounds of the harvestable areas.

Banias knows that this ordinance will make it hard for Sandy Boy Salcedo to control the business. Unlike in the last term, any fisherman can now apply for a license to engage in nylon shell harvesting. For Banias, this is bad for their business interests. The new scheme of regulated harvesting of nylon shells had to be dismantled, he must have decided.

Third, Banias betrays more of his ignorance when he told Bombo Radyo Iloilo anchorman Don Dolido that the 30-day period prescribed in the Local Government Code stopped running when a Sangguniang Panlalawigan committee chaired by Board Member Suzette Alquizada conduced a hearing on an opposition to the ordinance filed by a barangay fisheries management council in Concepcion.

How ridiculous can Banias be? The review power of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan is confined only to the face of the document. It will only determine whether or not the Sangguniang Bayan acted within its powers in enacting the ordinance. That’s why as a matter of procedure, municipal ordinances are referred to the Provincial Legal Office for review and comment. “Action” in the context of the Local Government Code doesn’t refer to conducting hearings; it refers to ratifying or invalidating it.

Morepver. a “protest” is not proper in the review process. If somebody wants to challenge the validity of the ordinance, he or she will have to go to court. The only grounds that an ordinance can be invalidated in whole or in part is when the municipal council had acted beyond its powers to legislate, or termed “ultra vires”, or that the ordinance is contrary to law, public order and morals. The so-called “protest” is a most stupid, stupid idea.

Fourth, Banias said he ordered the arrests of the so-called violators because their activities violated the old ordinance. He is citing a municipal ordinance as basis for the action of the Sangguniang Bayan. For heavens sake, has anybody told Banias that the enforcement of municipal ordinances is a primary responsibility of the municipal mayor?

 If, for the sake of argument, Mayor Villanueva was negligent in the performance of his duty, then the proper remedy is haul him before the proper administrative body for the appropriate sanction. The provincial government, and particularly the provincial administrator, has no business meddling in the affairs of a municipality. Perhaps Banias hasn’t heard of the term “local autonomy” yet.

It is clear that Banias acted with stupid arrogance and usurpation of authority. And he can’t even hide his conflict of interest. Why, of all municipalities, he is showing inordinate interest in the affairs of Concepcion? He is supposed to be running a province, not play in the school yard called Concepcion.

Well, it might be told that Banias made a fortune in the fish business when he was vice mayor and then mayor of Concepcion. Maybe he’s just throwing his weight around to make sure his business interests aren’t constricted. He has shown that he’s willing to abuse his position to do that.